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After the Solar System formed, large rocks were left behind called asteroids. These asteroids continue to orbit the Sun.

It is believed that there are more than 1 million asteroids orbiting the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, this region is known as the asteroid belt.

Of these, there is a breed called "trojans". Theses are asteroids that share an orbit with another moon but do not collide. Many of these have been discovered around Jupiter and some around Mars.

Near-Earth asteroids are asteroids that have orbits that pass close to Earth. Some of these are called "Earth-crossers", which actually cross the orbit path of Earth. There are currently 7,075 Near-Earth asteroids and about 500 to 1000 of these have a diameter over 1km.

The physical composition of asteroids vary greatly. Some have a rocky core surrounded by an icy mantle. Others, such as one called Vesta are thought have iron-nickel cores.